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THE 10th FESTIVAL OF TOLERANCE – JFF ZAGREB, THE ITALIAN CULTURAL INSTITUTE IN ZAGREB AND LAUBA are pleased to invite you to the opening ceremony of the exhibition FROM AFAR by the awarded Italian photographer ALESSANDRO PENSO that shall take place on 5th of April 2016 at 7 PM at Lauba – House for People and Art followed by the artist talk moderated by Mario Guček Andromak.
ALESSANDRO PENSO FROM A FAR
This work tells the stories of the refugees, asylum seekers and migrants who have reached Europe after unimaginable journeys and explores the impact of the changes and contradictions in Europe’s approach to immigration and reception at the entry points to the EU, in particular in the border countries of Greece / Bulgaria / Macedonia / Serbia / Croatia , between 2009 and 2015.
Those who have arrived have found themselves at the mercy of the Continent’s laws and immigration policies, above all the Dublin Regulation, according to which asylum seekers must apply for and remain in the EU country where they were first identified while their application is being processed, and that country has responsibility for the decision on their asylum application. As a result, Europe’s border countries have effectively been transformed into buffer zones, where thousands of desperate people enter another stage of uncertainty as they wait for the outcome of their asylum applications, at the mercy of the political positions of governments that interpret the regulations to suit themselves and can change their approach from one moment to the next. So, many refugees, asylum seekers andmigrants make desperate bids to reach other European countries in the hope of a more welcoming reception and a better future. Frontline EU countries have responded at times with harsh or ad hoc positions: Malta has held those who arrive illegally in mandatory detention for lengthy periods, even for up to 18 months; in 2013, an unprepared Bulgaria suddenly found itself with more than 11,000 migrants and refugee arrivals in just a few months, hosting them in old buildings often lacking in basic services; Italy on the one hand has supported search and rescue operations on the most dangerous part of the Mediterranean Sea crossing from north Africa, but on the other, has seen some of its reception centers criticized for their inadequate and precarious conditions, or caught up in recent corruption scandals.
Even in France, at the centre of Europe and the idea of a united Continent, migrants in Calais have been left to fend for themselves, taking shelter in the so-called “Jungle” camp where living conditions are almost unimaginable, and trying to reach the other side of the Channel. And on the African mainland, the Spanish enclave of Melilla has been transformed into a kind of fortress by the Spanish authorities to try to impede entry into European territory. Hit hard by an enduring economic crisis, Greece for years has been severely criticized for its approach, refusing almost all asylum applications in 2011, holding people in limbo for long periods, failing to uphold the human rights of asylum seekers, and seeing incidents of racially-motivated violence towards migrants. Then, 2015 saw the number of refugees, asylum seekers and displaced people worldwide reach the highest levels since World War II, as enormous numbers of people fled war and conflict, particularly from Syria. According to UNHCR, more than one million people arrived in Europe by sea, with around 850,000, including many children, landing on the coasts of Greece alone.
Unable to cope, the country effectively became an open passageway to the “Balkans route”, an obstacle course of entry and exit from the EU, where entering Macedonia from Greece meant exiting Europe, and re-entering meant passing through Serbia to reach Hungary – that is, until mid-September 2015, when the Hungarian Government completed its border fence with Serbia and introduced strict new laws against entering the country illegally, setting off a domino effect which saw thousands of people shift towards Croatia in search of an alternate passage.
Looking at the various aspects of reception in Europe’s border countries through the eyes of those who are making these desperate journeys, this work seeks to shine a light on the situation refugees, asylum seekers and migrants face when they arrive in Europe in search for a better life.
ALESSANDRO PENSO / BIOGRAPHY
Alessandro Penso studied clinical psychology at Rome's La Sapienza University. In 2007, he received a scholarship to study photojournalism at the "Scuola Romana di Fotografia". Since completing his studies, his work has won several awards, including : the PDN Photo Student Award, the PDN Photo Annual Award, Px3, the Project Launch Award in Santa Fe 2011,the Terry O' Neill TAG Award 2012, Sofa Global Award 2013, 1st General News of World press Photo and Magnum Foundation Emergency Fund, Burn Emerging Photographer Fund, Photo Story of the Year Time Magazine.
Alessandro is deeply committed to social issues, and in recent years he has been focusing on the issue of immigration in the Mediterranean. During this time, he has produced work on detention centers in Malta, the situation of migrant workers in the agricultural sector in the south of Italy, and young people stuck in limbo in Greece. Motivated by the desire to raise awareness of situations of
injustice at Europe's margins, Alessandro intends to continue working on this issue in the months and years to come. Alessandro is also keenly aware that the difficult social and economic conditions in Mediterranean countries are providing an outlet for the phenomena of cultural closure, xenophobia and violence, which represent, for migrants, an insurmountable obstacle to their enjoyment of even the most basic human rights. In 2012, he witnessed a brutal attack on a group of migrants in Corinth, Greece, in which one young man, Mostafa, was hit by a car. This experience has further motivated Alessandro to continue his work on this issue, also in an effort to raise awareness of and to help combat xenophobia and race-related violence. He hopes his work will also help fight the dehumanization and stereotyping of migrants which can take place in public discussion, sometimes for political gain.
Alessandro's work has appeared in numerous publications, including Stern Magazine, The Guardian, BBC, The New York Times, Businessweek, Time Magazine, the International Herald Tribune, Human Rights Watch, L'Espresso , Internazionale, D di Repubblica, Vanity Fair Italia, El Periodico, Le journal de la photographie, Enet and Ekathimerini.
Curators: Mario Guček Andromak, Annalisa D'Angelo
Partners: Talijanski institut u Zagrebu, Lauba
Media promoters: HRT, HRT3, Jutarnji,Vizkultura, Journal, Yammat FM
Sponsor: City of Zagreb